Pozzuoli, with its millenial history, is the most important centre of Campi Flegrei(flegrei means burning, this meaning is related to the volcanic characteristics ). Some craters delineated its forms, in these craters there are: lacustrine waters,sea waters or cultivated fields. The most ancient volcanic eruptions occurred about 35.000 years ago, the most recent eruption occurred in 1538,this one created "Monte Nuovo",which is the youngest European Volcano.
Lakes, seas, gulfs, baies, inlets, promontories, islands, cliffs, hills,pine forests, solfataras and baths make this fascinating and tormented land an unequalled place in the world. This area rich of history was praised in the past by some poets and writers, so stories and legends have been created about Zeus and Hercules, Enea, Ulisse, Miseno, Baiano, Diomede and some other figures that lived in this area, such as Catullo, Orazio, Cesare, Lucullo, Pisone, Pompeo; Bruto, Virgilio, Agrippina, Nerone, Plinio, Catone l'uticense, Caligola, Properzio Strabone and Stazio.